“This is about actively creating a technology that can be put to harmful uses rather than identifying and mitigating vulnerabilities in existing technology,” Sarah Myers West, a researcher for the AI Now Institute, told Motherboard. “Researchers aren’t always going to be well-placed to make these assessments on their own. That’s why it’s so important to involve the communities that are going to be affected by their research throughout the process to anticipate and mitigate potential harmful secondary uses.